The summer project is the compulsory report writing for all the seventh-semester students of TU BBA. Summer project carries that equal weight in terms of marks, that is, 4 GPA. Students can excel in summer project writing and secure high grades by avoiding some major mistakes and on the other hands, it provides basic knowledge of research to the students.
How to secure a 4 GPA is our primary concern. However, we must also focus on building knowledge for our bright future.
Securing GPA 4 in summer project is not a daunting task. Many students fail to secure GPA 4 in summer project because of minor mistakes they commit. Some of the minor mistakes include a mistake in formatting, error in the page numbering, inappropriate font, vague language, and incorrect citation, a mistake in addressing table number, table title, figure number, and description. These minor mistakes can be significantly reduced.
7 mistakes to avoid for GPA 4 in the summer project
#1 Avoid mistakes in In-text Citation (APA)
The most dangerous mistake that student commits while writing summer project is ‘mistake in citation’. The citation is of two types: In-text citation and reference citation. Most of the students commit a mistake in in-text citation basically in the literature review. Another serious mistake is not to include the in-text citation in the reference citation.
(Pant, 2010) states that research is the foundation for the exploration of new knowledge.
Pant (2010) states that research is the foundation for the exploration of new knowledge is the correct style of citation.
Research is the foundation for the exploration of new knowledge (Pant, 2010).
Corresponding Reference Citation
Pant, P.R. (2010). Social science research. Kathmandu: Buddha Publication.
Pant & Rai (2011) state that research is the foundation for the exploration of new knowledge.
Pant and Rai (2011) state that research is the foundation for the exploration of new knowledge.
Research is the foundation for the exploration of new knowledge (Pant & Rai, 2011).
Corresponding Reference Citation
Pant, P.R. & Rai, Prakash. (2011). Social science research. Kathmandu: Buddha Publication.
For more: See APA 6th Edition
#2 Avoid mistakes in Page numbering
The next noticeable mistake that students encounter is a mistake on page numbering. We commit mistake because we lack complete knowledge of how to manage page numbers.
Some page numbering rules for TU BBA Summer Project are as follows:
- No page number in Front Page
- Preliminary section shall have a page number in Roman form (i, ii, iii…)
- The body section shall have a page number in Hindu-Arabic form (1, 2, 3…)
- There shall be no page number at the beginning of each chapter.
- No page number in Reference and Annex.
These rules should be strictly followed to secure 4 GPA. If you want a video for this, then please comment below.
#3 Avoid inappropriate font, margin, and headings
Students generally do overcome the mistake in fonts, but more often commit a mistake in maintaining correct font size, margins, and managing headings.
Rules regarding ‘Font’ and ‘Headings’
Rules regarding ‘Margin’
|Left margin||1.5 inch or 1 inch plus 0.5-inch gutter|
#4 Avoid mistakes in table and figure numbers and titles
Most of the students struggle to maintain the exact format of table and figure numbers, and this is also the main reasons why they end up securing lower Grade.
Rules for Table number and title
The table number and title should not be in the same line. The table number should be above the title.
Some specific rules are:
- The table number should be above title.
- No bold, italic, and underline in table number
- Italicize the table title, but no bold and underline.
Maximum tax rates of KMC and LMC
Rules for Figure number and title
The figure number and title should be in the same line.
Some specific rules are:
- Figure number should be in Italic, but no bold and underline.
- No bold, italic, and underline in the figure title
Figure #num. Maximum tax rates of KMC and LMC
#5 Avoid mistakes in the citation in Table and Figures
Students most often make mistake in the citation of tables and figures, and most do not cite the source for tables and figures, which is really a big mistake.
Rules for citing a source for table
- Source citation is compulsory if the data is extracted from the secondary source.
- Italicize the source as shown below:
Source: Nepal Rastra Bank, 2018
- If it is your original data or calculation, then you shall write
Source: Author’s own data or calculation, 20XX
#6 Avoid inappropriate language
Use of inappropriate language is the common mistake that most of us do. There are rules of writing a research report, though it is not universal, but is widely used. The rules are rules for an executive summary, way of writing objectives, using passive or active verbs, using first person pronoun or not, and so on.
Rules for Executive Summary
Executive Summary: Starting with Objective (Using Present Tense)
- The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of … on…
- The goals of this study are to determine …
- The primary purpose of this study is to determine …
- This study is specifically concerned with the effect of … on …
Executive Summary: Methodology:
- This study was conducted in Nepal Bank Limited
- The empirical part of this study was conducted in May 2000.
- Data for this study/research were collected/gathered/obtained from/by/through/with the help of/among …
Executive Summary: Result or Findings:
- These results suggest that …
- The results show that/reveal …
- It was concluded that …
Rules for writing objectives or purpose
- The objectives of the study should be in point
- There should not be more than five points (3 objectives are sufficient)
- Use verbs such as Demonstrate, illustrate, examine, explore, consider, relate to, refer to, draw on, explain, investigate, determine
- Avoid words such as know, get information, look at, look into, analyze. These terms are vague and reduce the gravity of the research objective.
Rules of Grammar
- Use active voice as far as possible
- Avoid using first-person pronouns (such as I, we…) in the body section of the report
#7 Avoid using Numbered List
A numbered list is not preferred in the research report or any kind of report. Always use a bulleted list.
The above-discussed mistakes are the most common mistakes that students commit while preparing the summer project. Avoid these mistakes as far as possible to get high grades.
Do you know the difference between Bibliography and References? If ‘Yes’, then it’s super fine, if ‘No’, then we have brought it for you.
References only include the corresponding citation of in-text citations, but bibliography includes all those citations that are cited in your research report and that are used as the reference but no in-text citation in your research report. So, the bibliography is wider than references.